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Three Modes of Conflict (University of Hiroshima, 1978)

The three modes of conflict suggest three approaches to peace research, the systemic, the strategic and the ideological. If peace research is to contribute to the hope of establishing a durable peace on this planet, all three directions must be synthesized into a science of peace.

Moratorium Day - October 15, 1969, University of Michigan

Our ancestors used to say that the price of liberty is eternal vigilance. Americans, in their comfort, their pursuit of individual advantages, in their worship of the bitch goddess of success, forgot to pay the installments, and their liberties were re-possessed.

Whose Security Does "Defence" Defend? (1985)

The world of geopolitics has always been insulated from the world of ordinary human lives. Today this insulation has become completely opaque.

The Ticking Bomb of Peace and Conflict Studies (1988)

Education, if it means anything, produces a change in at least the store of knowledge (one hopes a gain) but often also changes in the way people feel about the world they live in (their attitudes) and in the way they think about it (their mode of cognition).

Universal Values in the Light of System Science (2002)

The inexhaustible and potentially constantly increasing store of knowledge constitutes the exclusively characteristic survival asset of our species.

The Systemic View

When the we-they-dichotomies spawned by power addiction are erased, the rewards of diversity can be reaped.

Reconciliation and Resistance: Two Sides Of A Coin (ca. 1991)

The person of the Warrior, like any other person, has a claim on understanding, sympathy, affection, if you will. The role of the Warrior, however, deserves only destruction, like the role of the executioner in a civilized society, like the role of a spy or a terrorist in a peaceful world.

Prisoner's Dilemma

Game models like Prisoner's Dilemma are instructive because they point up precisely why lack of trust leads to outcomes that are bad for both sides. Lack of trust is not the whole story. The main trouble lies in the mistaken belief that "rational" choices are those that seem to be in one's own interest.

Rationality and Social Traps

The Seduction of the Scientist

One of the most disheartening features of the current debate on national security has been the perversion of the scientific mode of reasoning until instances of it appear as ghastly caricatures of human thought.

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